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EUCountry information campaign

#EUКраїна 
Human rights begin with the rights of the child - this is a common norm in the European Union, and Ukraine recognizes it. Protection of children's rights is one of the most important priorities in our country, because the attitude to children, the level of their safety and security in the country, the state of their comprehensive development is one of the indicators of civilization and humanity of society.
 
What rights should every child know about?
 
Every child should know that all are equal before the law and society, and therefore any manifestations of violations of their rights should not be hidden, regardless of whose side they come from: parents, guardians or even classmates.
Children have the right to respect for their private life, including the secrecy of their correspondence, telephone conversations or personal social media pages.
A child has the right to communicate with both parents if they are divorced, unless it is contrary to their interests. Moreover, among the basic rights of the child is the right to adequate maintenance. The corresponding duty of parents follows not only from the established moral principles of our society, but also from the current legislation. This, in particular, is manifested in the provision of a minor child with the minimum necessary benefits necessary for his life and upbringing. And divorce does not relieve parents of the obligation to support their children financially.
 
How are children's rights protected in Ukraine?
Among the projects of the Ministry of Justice aimed at protecting the rights of children is the development of a juvenile probation system in Ukraine. It is an opportunity for minors who have come into conflict with the law to start a new life and become a full member of society. The child does not serve his sentence in a correctional colony, but remains in the community, but juvenile probation specialists and psychologists work with him individually.
In addition, Ukraine has approved a National Strategy for Reforming the Juvenile Justice System until 2023. This document emphasizes the need to address the main systemic problems of justice for children, to overcome gaps in the system of interagency cooperation, prevention, social and educational work and work aimed at resocialization of minors who are prone to wrongdoing and delinquency, as well as strengthening protection of rights children who have suffered from offenses, in particular of a violent nature, and children who have witnessed offenses.
That is, for the first time in the history of Ukraine, the Strategy aims not only to increase attention to children who have committed offenses, but also to other categories of children in contact with the law. "In the best interests of children": European initiatives in the field of protection of the rights of minors.
One of the main components of Ukraine's state policy in the field of protection of children's rights is the improvement of the legal framework, including the implementation of European and international law. The result of this activity is that today Ukraine is a party to a number of international agreements in the field of ensuring the rights of the child.
 
Global standards in the field of respect for the rights of the child, which have been formed over many decades, are enshrined in several important international instruments. Back in 1924, the League of Nations developed and adopted the Geneva Declaration of the Rights of the Child. This issue is reflected in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted by the UN in 1948. In 1959, the UN adopted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child. On November 20, 1989, the UN General Assembly adopted the Convention on the Rights of the Child, which is rightly considered the International Children's Constitution. The Convention was ratified by Ukraine on February 27, 1991 and entered into force on September 27 of that year.
 
At the same time, it is important for Ukraine to ratify a number of international agreements in the field of family law, developed within the framework of the Council of Europe and the Hague Conference on Private International Law, which address practical issues , and personal. Some of these agreements were signed by Ukraine in 2002-2003.
 
Read more about the protection of the rights and interests of children in Ukraine in the section "EUCountry" on the website: https://bit.ly/3tpzAdM

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